Addressing the alarming rise of the bacterium "Mycobacterium avium Paratuberculosis"
in the environment and the growing evidence linking this bacterium to Crohn's
Founded: September 2001, updated January 3, 2016

Founders: Diane and Michael Fagen

Contact Info:


Our Mission and our Goals

Latest News!!!


History of Crohn's Disease, Johne's disease, Mycobacterium avium Paratubercuosis

Links to Articles
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Perception of Risk

The Precautionary Principle

What is a Reportable Disease

Health of Animals Act, SC 1990, c 21


NRC National Science Library

Public Health Agency of Canada

Never In My Milk

Picure Gallery


ree Republic/News Activism/Topics - Post Article


La Presse,  April 8, 2001,  Never in My Milk? by Marie France Coutu

The Canadian Media

Canadian Medical and Government

Canadian Veterinary

Canadian Raw Milk Advocacy Group


Let's Talk


Taking Action

Link To Us

Does Mycobacterium Paratuberculosis cause Crohn's disease by Alan Kennedy  


Shafran's Gasterology Center

The Johne's Information Center

History of Early Research on Crohn's disease

Dr. B. Crohn

Got Milk? by Michael Greger, MD Updated January 2001

THE CROHN'S CONNECTION  by Lisa Chamberlain

Dire Warnings About Johne’s
Disease A wake-up call for the dairy industry?

Micobacteria and Crohn's Disease

Dr. Chiodini's Tables

American and European Links

University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine

Health Canada

Action Medical Research


University of Guelph












Articles and recent research will be found after the Crohnscanada introduction.


We at Crohnscanada would like to dedicate this site to Dr. Thomas J. Borody of Australlia, Doctor Rod Chiodini (U.S.A.) and Doctor John Hermon-Taylor of the U.K., PROF THOMAS BORODY, the founder and Medical Director of CDD.(Center for Digestive Diseases. His keen interest in medical research led to the establishment of the Centre, so as to provide both diagnostic procedures and effective treatments, and to my husband Michael Fagen, who lost his 27 year battle against Crohn's disease on May 11th, 2003.

Dr. Rod Chiodini (Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University, Providence, RI, USA) and Prof. John Hermon- Taylor (St. George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK) are two of the most prominent proponents of an association between M. aratuberculosis and Crohn's disease. Indeed it was Chiodini and his co-workers ho, in 1984, successfully cultured the first two strains of M. paratuberculosis in the USA from patients with Crohn's disease. since then this organism has been sporadically cultured from humans with Crohn's disease and a total of 10 isolates of M. paratuberculosis had been cultured from patients with Crohn's disease in the USA, Australia , the Netherlands and France (Chiodini, 1989).


The idea for Crohnscanada was inspired by the commitment and dedication of its sister organization PARA (Paratuberculosis Awareness and Research Association Inc.) an American based organization. This grassroots movement has grown from the dedication and sheer willpower of two women with children with Crohn's disease to address the alarming rise of the bacterium "Mycobacterium avium Paratuberculosis" in the environment and the growing evidence linking this bacterium to Crohn's disease. MAP-Canada was founded to address the same issue, but on Canadian soil. One hundred thousand or more people in Canada, and over a million in the United States have been diagnosed with Crohn's. Renowned Researchers all over the world have been working with little or no funding to try and find a solution for this devastating illness.

A bacterium called Mycobacterium avium Paratuberculosis found in every day food items is connected to IBD and Crohn's disease. Before Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) testing, this bacterium could not be cultured. In 1984, Dr. Rodrick Chiodini cultured mycobacteria from children with Crohn's, the same bacterium found in cattle with Johne's disease. This bacterium is shed in the feces and milk of cattle with Johne's Disease.

The symptoms of this disease in both cattle and humans is very similar; severe diarrhea, excessive weight loss, debilitating abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, bowel obstruction, fistulas, and abscesses. The pasteurization process does not kill this bacterium. Thus, this mycobacterium is passed into the foodchain and sold for human consumption, as these sick cows are not removed from the herd and disposed of. Johne's disease is not on the Reportable Diseases List at the Canadian Food Inspection Agency......

Recent Article Updates

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What Is A Reportable Disease

To protect human and animal health, the CFIA conducts inspections and has monitoring and testing programs in place to prevent and control the spread of diseases to the livestock and poultry sectors. The CFIA carries out programs related to animal health and production to guard against the entry of foreign animal diseases and to prevent the spread of certain domestic animal diseases. Animal diseases are categorized as:

Reportable diseases
Animal owners, veterinarians and laboratories are required to immediately report the presence of an animal that is contaminated or suspected of being contaminated with one of these diseases to a CFIA district veterinarian. Control or eradication measures will be applied immediately. Federally Reportable Diseases in Canada - 2012

Immediately notifiable diseases

In general, immediately notifiable diseases are diseases exotic to Canada for which there are no control or eradication programs. Only laboratories are required to contact the CFIA regarding the suspicion or diagnosis of one of these diseases.

Annually notifiable diseases
are diseases for which Canada must submit an annual report to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) indicating their presence within Canada. In general, they are diseases that are present in Canada, but are not classified as reportable or immediately notifiable.

Other Diseases Monitored by the CFIA Diseases of interest that are not currently reportable diseases or notifiable diseases.


Annually notifiable diseases are diseases for which Canada must submit an annual report to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) indicating their presence within Canada. In general, they are diseases that are present in Canada, but are not classified as reportable or immediately notifiable. All veterinary laboratories are required to comment on Canada's report to the OIE. Annually notifiable diseases (for laboratories only) Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) has only been added to this list. Johne's disease (Paratuberculosis) needs to be added to the Reportable diseases list, so it does not continue into our foodchain.


A Canadian Perspective on the Precautionary Approach/Principle

In the fall of 2001, the Government of Canada released a Discussion Document on the interpretation and implementation of the precautionary principle/approach. This document aims to clarify and formalise Canada's position on the precautionary principle.

In addition, is the Canadian Pasteurization process efficient enough to kill this bacterium, if it is in our milk?   Many renowned doctors and scientists in the field of Crohn's and Johne's (yo-neez) from all over the world say we have cause for concern. How about our water, is this bacterium in our water?

Once again, the Canadian Government has not tested our Pasteurization Process for milk to assure Canadians that our milk is free from MAP, Mycobacterium Avium Paratuberculosis. WHY?In the United Kingdom researcher's have found the MAP bacterium in a percentage of pasteurized milk at the retail level.


Mycobacterium Partuberculosis Linked to Multiple Scleroisis and Autism


Join Us In Our Fight with the Canadian Government to add Johne's disease in cattle to their Reportable Diseases List, in order to eliminate this bacterium from the Canadian Food Chain.

Researchers in many parts of the world have found a link between Crohn's disease in humans and Johne's disease in cattle. This bacterium is called MAP (Mycobacterium avium Paratuberculosis). This bacterium has been found in the breast milk of breastfeeding mothers with Crohns.  It has been found in the resected tissues of the intestinal tract of Crohn's sufferers and it has been found in milk after pasteurization, the following websites will give you the details

The evidence contained in this site, gives the Canadian Government an obligation to study this bacterium further.Our pasteurization process has to be retested to ensure that Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (Map) is eliminated from our milk.

Recent Article Updates

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Could a Vaccine be the Cure for Crohn's Disease? We believe there is compelling evidence pointing to MAP as the cause of Crohn’s Disease, a debilitating and aggressive form of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. MAP is proven to cause Johne’s Disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease affecting domestic livestock. Johne’s Disease is strikingly similar to Crohn’s Disease. MAP is a type of bacteria: Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). It belongs to a family of bacteria called ‘Mycobacteria’, which also includes Tuberculosis and Leprosy. Prof Hermon-Taylor has developed a modern therapeutic vaccine against MAP, now it needs to be trialled to determine whether it can cure Crohn’s. U.S. Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health 2015
Culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis from the blood of patients with Crohn’s disease Saleh A Naser, George Ghobrial, Claudia Romero, John F Valentine
Articles Introduction


Culture of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis from the blood of patients with Crohn’s disease
In 1913, Dalziel reported the histopathological and clinical similarities of animal paratuberculosis, intestinal tuberculosis, and human chronic granulomatous enteritis that later became known as Crohn’s disease. 2 Paratuberculosis, also known as Johne’s disease, is a chronic enteritis that affects cattle and other species and is caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). 3 Because of the similarities with Johne’s disease, a mycobacterial cause of Crohn’s disease has been sought for many years. 4 Early studies did not detect MAP in tissues from patients with Crohn’s disease by conventional staining and culture techniques. Chiodini and colleagues 5 isolated cell-wall-deficient cells, also known as spheroplasts, from tissue samples from patients with Crohn’s disease after several months of incubation. The spheroplasts were subcultured and later developed a cell wall that stained positively with Ziehl- Neelsen staining; they were classified as a Mycobacterium - like organism. These isolates were confirmed as MAP by DNA hybridisation, 6 leading to renewed interest in a mycobacterial origin of Crohn’s disease.


Crohn's MAP Dr. Amy Hermon Taylor
Click on to this link and then login to Facebook for more info. on the links below. I also thank Dr. John Hermon Taylor, his daughter Dr. Amy Hermon Taylor for all of their help in our battle for a
new, brighter future for everyone who has been burdened with this horrible disease


Front Immunol. 2015; 6: 96.
Published online 2015 Mar 4. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2015.00096 PMCID: PMC4349160 Mycobacterium avium ss. paratuberculosis Zoonosis – The Hundred Year War – Beyond Crohn’s Disease Leonardo A. Sechi1,* and Coad Thomas Dow2,3


2014 Future Medicine Ltd EDITORIAL ’Global warming’ to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Gaurav Agrawal* , 1 , Thomas J Borody 1 & William Chamberlin 2
In this excellent paper from July 2014, Professor Tom Borody (Consultant Gastroenterologist and leading expert in #Crohns research from Sydney, Australia) tells us that scientists across the globe are revisiting the idea that Crohn's is caused by an infection... and the chief suspect is MAP.
'Rational future therapies need to focus on the eradication of MAP', he explains. It is likely that the #Vaccine will be a key weapon in the new arsenal against this devastating disease.


Youtube: September 2014
A Cure for Crohn's? Crohn's MAP Vaccine, Prof. John Hermon-Taylor, King's College London


October 2012 International Journal of Science:
Host–microbe interactions have shaped the genetic architecture of inflammatory bowel disease
Luke Jostins, Stephan Ripke, Rinse K. Weersma, Richard H. Duerr, Dermot P. McGovern, Ken Y. Hui, James C. Lee, L. Philip Schumm, Yashoda Sharma, Carl A. Anderson, Jonah Essers, Mitja Mitrovic, Kaida Ning, Isabelle Cleynen, Emilie Theatre, Sarah L. Spain, Soumya Raychaudhuri, Philippe Goyette, Zhi Wei, Clara Abraham, Jean-Paul Achkar, Tariq Ahmad, Leila Amininejad, Ashwin N. Ananthakrishnan, Vibeke Andersen et al.


World Journal of Gastroenterology: Mar 2011
Crohn’s disease: Evidence for involvement of unregulated transcytosis in disease etio-pathogenesis Crohn’s disease:
Jay Pravda Author information ? Article notes ? Copyright and License information ? Go to: Abstract

Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Research has identified genetic predisposition and environmental factors as key elements in the development of the disease. However, the precise mechanism that initiates immune activation remains undefined. One pathway for luminal antigenic molecules to enter the sterile lamina propria and activate an immune response is via transcytosis. Transcytosis, although tightly regulated by the cell, has the potential for transepithelial transport of bacteria and highly antigenic luminal molecules whose uncontrolled translocation into the lamina propria can be the source of immune activation. Viewed as a whole, the evidence suggests that unregulated intestinal epithelial transcytosis is involved in the inappropriate presentation of immunogenic luminal macromolecules to the intestinal lamina propria. Thus fulfilling the role of an early pre-morbid mechanism that can result in antigenic overload of the lamina propria and initiate an immune response culminating in chronic inflammation characteristic of this disease. It is the aim of this paper to present evidence implicating enterocyte transcytosis in the early etio-pathogenesis of CD


WITH DR. BEHR FROM THE ROYAL VICTORIAL HOSPITAL, MONTREAL, YouTube - Crohn's Disease Maybe Linked to Beef Consumption


An English summary of this excellent German film: discussing Dr Dahmen's journey with Crohn's Disease, is included below.



Recent Article Updates

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You Tube: "Lacasastudios" New videos of John Hermon Taylor's latest Interview

Part 1 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 2 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 3 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor.

Part 4 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 5 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 6 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 7 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 8 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 9 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor

Part 10 CROHN Vs M.A.P. Interview John Hermon Taylor


You Tube:

Trailer Professor John Hermon Taylor CROHN vs M.A.P.

Part 1-CROHN M.A.P. by John Hermon Taylor

Part 2-CROHN M.A.P. by John Hermon Taylor

Part 3-CROHN M.A.P. by John Hermon Taylor

Part 4-CROHN M.A.P. by John Hermon Taylor

Part 5-CROHN M.A.P. by John Hermon Taylor


Youtube: Video Interview: Professor Thomas Borody Of Australia discusses M.A.P and
Crohn's: Parts 1 - 9



Special Access to Drugs and Health Products

Health Canada, through its Special Access Programme (SAP), allows doctors to gain access to non-marketed
drugs and medical devices that have not yet been approved for sale in Canada. Health Canada is conducting a
Comprehensive Review of the SAP and is soliciting the participation of all interested Canadians. Special Access
Request Form/Instructions for completing the Special Access Request For



Centers for Disease Control: Potential Infectious Etiologies of Crohn's Disease










Continued Page 2....3....4.....5 ~ Crohnscanada~

MAP-Canada does not advocate a particular cause of Crohn's disease.  Our website is intended only to present evidence.  Our readers may draw their own conclusions.  We are not medical specialists and do not offer any treatment or nutritional advice.  Our mission is not to lay blame on any individual or industry, but rather to urge the Government of Canada to address the evidence presented on this site.

Mise au Point:
MAP-Canada ne recommande aucune théorie particulière sur la cause de la maladie de Crohn.L'intente de notre site Web est simplement de présenter certaineévidence mais vous pouvez arriver à vos propres conclusions.Nous ne pouvons donner de conseils de nature médicale ou alimentaire. Notre mission ne consiste aucunement à blâmer un individuou une industrie mais
plutôt à s'assurer que le Gouvernement du Canada aborde l'évidence que nous présenton

MAP-Canada would like to extend a very sincere thank you to Yanik Chicoine at for his generosity and assistance in the hosting and the mounting of this site.

MAP-Canada aimerait remercier sincèrement Yanik Chicoine a pour sons générosité et sons assistance pour l'hébergement et la programation du site.